— Proceedings of the 2008 Center for Homeland Defense and Security Annual Conference —

Securing the United States-Mexico Border: An On-Going Dilemma

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AUTHOR:
Karina Ordonez

Karina J. Ordóñez is the strategic policy coordinator for the Arizona Department of Homeland Security. In this capacity, she is the primary advisor to the deputy director in matters pertaining to national policy and serves as the state agency liaison focusing on public health, agro-terrorism, bioterrorism, and disaster preparedness. Special projects in her portfolio include developing the State Homeland Security Strategy and the State Infrastructure Protection Plan. Her previous responsibilities as Southwest border specialist (2003-2005) included serving on various bi-national committees and implementing agreements between Arizona and Sonora, Mexico which focused on border security and first responder preparedness. She is a graduate of the Naval Postgraduate School’s Center for Homeland Defense and Security master’s degree program, where she completed a thesis entitled “Modeling the U.S. Border Patrol Tucson Sector for the Deployment and Operations of Border Security Forces.”

ABSTRACT:
Illegal cross-border activity is a severe homeland defense and security problem along the international Southwest border. The issue of illegal human smuggling is not new to the United States-Mexico border, or to law enforcement agencies; however, the phenomenon continues to increase while smugglers adjust to law enforcement tactics. This paper is a synopsis of the thesis entitled “Modeling the U.S. Border Patrol Tucson Sector for the Deployment and Operations of Border Security Forces” which describes and identifies the fundamental dimensions of U.S. Border Patrol operations in the busiest, most vulnerable section of the border. This paper seeks to provide a comprehensive picture of the complex dynamics along the U.S. Border Patrol Tucson Sector and highlights the primary challenges facing policymakers in developing innovative policies that will minimize illegal cross-border activity and secure the homeland.

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SUGGESTED CITATION:
Ordonez, Karina. “Securing the United States-Mexico Border: An On-Going Dilemma.” Homeland Security Affairs, Proceedings of the 2008 Center for Homeland Defense and Security Annual Conference (April 2008)
http://www.hsaj.org/?article=supplement.2.5
http://www.hsaj.org/