Policy Options Analysis and the National Fire Operations Reporting System

Michael A. McAdams

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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This thesis reviews the national fire service regulation, standards, and practices that

define the fire data incident collection processes. Reviewing the documents grounds the

criteria that define the availability of fire department resources that are ready and able to

respond to a structure fire incident and the capability of those deployed resources to

manage the incident. Operational effectiveness is a measure combining availability and

capability to state that the deployed resources matched the incident risk type and

managed the event.

A comprehensive assessment of the current fire service federal regulation,

national standards, and recommended practices identified a data set that limited the fire

problem for origin of ignition, cause of a fire, and flame spread inside the structure.

Further examination revealed gaps in the terms, processes, and national data analysis

used to describe the operational information available in calculating the assignment of

resources to structure fire incidents.

The National Fire Data Summit findings identified the elements, terms, and

definitions to describe structure fire operations that include the availability of resources

that are ready and able to respond to a structure fire incident, the capability of the

deployed resources to manage the event, and operational effectives.

Conclusions

These data elements describe the availability of local fire department resources

that are able to respond to a structure fire incident and capability of those resources to

manage the incident upon arrival. The operational effectiveness qualifies the complexities

of the process required to calculate the assignment of resources to structure fire incidents.

Defining these terms with the National Fire Operations Reporting System (N-FORS)

software empowers fire service and political leaders with data to assign the correct

resources to the fire problem. This process creates policy that will reduce firefighter and

civilian injury, death, and property loss for the local community.

Recommendations

This thesis provides a policy options analysis with recommendations to fire

service and political leaders for assignment of resources for the structure fire incident.

The recommended action is structured language assignment of the terms availability of

resources that are ready and able to respond to structure fire incidents, the capability of

deployed resources to manage the scene, and the operational effectiveness to state the

deployed resources match the risk for the incident type and management of the events,

into the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (FPCA) in §9, Paragraph C. In

addition, the recommended actions include structured language assigning the National

Fire Operations Reporting System as the performance improvement process into the

Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (FPCA) in §9, Paragraph C

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