Beyond The First 48: Incorporating Nontraditional Stakeholders into Incident Response

Emily McLaughlin EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Cyber-attacks will create grave homeland security consequences in the coming years: power outages that last for weeks, drinking water supplies tainted with bacteria, and other destructive outcomes that are likely to result in the loss of human life and the destruction of property. At the local government level, a wide variety

Defending American Democracy in the Post-Truth Age: A Roadmap to a Whole-of-Society Approach

Katelyn Mason EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The use of deception and propaganda is weaved throughout human history and war, yet in recent years, these manipulative actions have become a renewed concern for national security efforts around the world.[1] Falsehoods that travel through cyber-based platforms can exponentially reach more people in less time and can manifest into dangerous

Trolls or Threats? Challenges of Alt-Right Extremism to Local Law Enforcement

Jonathan Bobin EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The term alt-right signifies a myriad of ideas and actions, from baffling online discourse to white supremacist violence. The alt-right is unlike political movements of the past, as it lacks any identifiable formal structure, leadership, or goals.[1] Individuals who self-identify as alt-right—or who are linked through the movement based on public participation

Gods versus Titans: Ideological Indicators of Identitarian Violence

Christopher Adamczyk EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Identitarianism is a complex anti-liberal ideology based on the desire to preserve traditions, culture, and ethnicity against the perceived tide of ethnic replacement, globalism, and liberalism.[1] While certain identitarian leaders have moved away from violence, adherents like Dylann Roof and Patrick Crusius have committed atrocities in its name.[2] Law enforcement’s focus

An Examination of Academic Education for Homeland Security

Joseph Simons-Rudolph EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Over the last 19 years, there has been a concerted, multifaceted effort to develop an academic field of Homeland Security.[1] The field of homeland security was launched as part of the national response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, building on previous concepts of national security and civil defense.[2] This work has resulted in

Overcoming Implementation Barriers within the Fire Service to Reduce Firefighter Cancer Rates

John Haseney EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Occupational cancer is something we need to look at and we need a paradigm shift. Cancer is a silent killer, and it is giving us a knockout punch. ―Frank Szabo, Cleveland Battalion Chief[1] Occupational cancer has become the leading cause of line of duty deaths (LODDs) within the United States fire

International Governance of Non-State Actors in Cyberspace: Is A Single Entity Sufficient for Dispute Resolution?

Jaclyn Francis  Executive summary The 21st century digital “Information Age” is characterized by dynamism, innovation, and new technological capabilities. The cyber domain provides limitless technological capabilities to improve living in the modern world. As technological capabilities expand to meet the needs of an information-driven society, it is critical that the international community create an international