Facing Reality: Benefits and Challenges of Facial Recognition Technology for the NYPD

Anthony Carter EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Facial recognition technology (FRT) is a biometric technology that—if the New York City Police Department (NYPD) implements it in the New York City subway system—could have significant benefits of preventing violent crime, deterring terrorism, helping investigate past crimes, locating missing persons, providing assistance to individuals with special needs, and integrating with

Civilians on Police Use-of-Force Review Boards: A Delphi Study of Six Police Departments

John Breckenridge EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Civilian involvement in the oversight of law enforcement has been debated for many years. Much of the debate surrounds the citizen complaint process and the extent to which civilian involvement improves the process and outcomes. On one side, law enforcement claims that civilians do not understand what it is like to

Suicide in Law Enforcement: Protecting Those Who Serve

Ray Bernier EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The men and women of law enforcement are the first line of defense for the United States’ homeland security. Their mental wellbeing is essential, as they are required to make life-or-death decisions in the course of protecting the citizens they serve. Yet more than 100 law enforcement professionals take their lives

Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles for Automated External Defibrillator Delivery in the Seattle King County Region following Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Aaron Tyerman EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Using an automated external defibrillator (AED) to deliver a shock to a cardiac arrest patient before the arrival of emergency medical services (EMS) increases the chance of the patient’s survival. Studies both within the United States and abroad have explored using unmanned aerial systems (UASs, also known as drones) to deliver

A Prescription for Information Sharing Between Law Enforcement and The Medical Community to Improve Threat Assessments

Amy Thibault EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The nature of violent attacks, including terrorist attacks, in the United States has evolved. Such small-scale incidents as edged-weapon attacks, small-arms attacks, and vehicles used as weapons have become more prevalent. These types of events require minimal resources and planning by the perpetrators, and they do not require a large network;

Crowd-Based Techniques to Improve Intelligence Analysis

Sridhar Srinivasan EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The essential nature of the homeland security enterprise involves making consequential and complex policy decisions under uncertainty. The inputs policy makers use in making these decisions are facts, analyses, and predictions (which can fit a definition of intelligence), all of which are subject to significant uncertainty. Reduction in the uncertainty associated

Imagining a Shift toward Serial Terrorism

Christopher Pedrini EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The U.S. government—including the military, intelligence agencies, law enforcement, and homeland security communities—and its allies have helped neutralize many threats posed by Al-Qaeda and ISIS. However, these groups, as well as other global and national terrorist organizations, are far from being eliminated, and many still pose a significant challenge. Seeking new

Application of the Intelligence Cycle to Prevent Impacts of Disastrous Wildland Fires

Brian Young EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The threat of wildland fires is an issue of national security, as it relates to disaster management and the protection of U.S. citizens. Numerous wildfires, burned homes, environmental consequences, and the evacuation of thousands are problems that occur nearly every fire season. Tactical considerations are the primary focus of how the