The Homeland Security Enterprise and Public Works: Improving the Relationship

Jason Lappin Executive Summary The homeland security enterprise (HSE) is a comparatively new term added to the government’s list of acronyms following the attacks on 9/11. In broad terms, the HSE is comprised of many institutions and agencies that attempt to support the United States through numerous national mission spaces. These mission spaces are found

Comparative Analysis of Fusion Center Interaction to Fire & EMS Agencies

Scott Goldstein EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Across the United States nearly two million fire and EMS personnel provide emergency services to the just over 322 million residents.[1] Their role in our communities has expanded to include response to chemical, biological, and radiological attacks/threats, as well as attacks inspired by radical Islamic jihadism. This expansion of duties is

Do You Know What’s In Your Community? A Strategic Risk Management Approach to Better Prepare for Chemical Emergencies.

Vickie Furnish EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   Risk, in the context of homeland security, combines likelihood and consequences associated with a hazard. Though it might not be possible to reduce every hazard, once one is identified, appropriate safeguards can be implemented and the risk from the hazard can be reduced. Once a hazard is identified, decisions must

The Millennial Generation as an Insider Threat: High Risk or Over Hyped?

David Fisher EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   This thesis asks if a specific generation, Millennials, is collectively more likely to possess the characteristics and traits of an insider threat than the Baby Boomers or Generation X (Gen X) generations. For the purposes of this study, insider threat it is defined as “people who maliciously and deliberately used

The Buck Stops Where? Centralization of Decision-Making Examined

Brent Swearingen EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In a speech to the American Bar Association in 2011, Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security Jane Holl Lute said, “National security is centralized, it’s top-driven. Homeland security is operational, it’s transactional, it’s decentralized, it’s bottom driven.”[1] Despite this acknowledgement that homeland security starts and ends at the street level, the organizations

Stemming the Growth: Exploring the Risk Factors in Group Membership in Domestic Street Gangs and Foreign Terrorist Organizations

Daniel Dooley EXECUTIVE SUMMARY One way to avoid terrorist attacks is to prevent individuals from joining terrorist organizations in the first place. Yet, despite law enforcement’s best efforts, people continue to join terrorist organizations at alarming rates. A new deterrence strategy is sorely needed. In 2015, the U.S. government convened for a three-day summit at

Team Communication: The Social Identity Approach to Collaboration

Michael Sedam EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   This research applies sociology to leadership in the homeland security profession. Communication and collaboration are significant considerations for leaders throughout the homeland security enterprise. Communication allows leaders to give clear direction, reduce confusion, and build a vision people can support. Collaboration is valuable because multiple stakeholders can resolve difficult homeland

The Crime-Terrorism Nexus, and the Threat to U.S. Homeland Security

Mike Schofield EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   Since 2001, violent sub-national groups with disparate ideologies and motivations have been working together to further their objectives. They are collaborating, sharing each other’s tactics, and learning from one another’s successes and failures. To comprehend fully the complex nature of the nexus or convergence of transnational criminal organizations (TCOs) and

The Role of North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) in Military Cyber Attack Warning

Randall DeGering EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Since 1958, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) has a proven history of adapting and evolving to meet changing military defense challenges using new technology—from its early years providing ground-based radar warning of approaching Soviet bombers, to ground-based radar warning of in-bound Soviet ICBMS, to satellite-based warning of any missile launch