Systems Fragility: The Sociology of Chaos

Lori Hodges EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Over the last decade, the United States alone has averaged at least one large-scale crisis or extreme event per year. In this environment of complex disasters, we see differences in how communities respond and recover. In some of these disasters, the community bands together and recovers faster and to be stronger

Winning the Hearts and Minds: Improving U.S. Counter-Radicalization Efforts Through a Study of The United Kingdom’s PREVENT program

Romeo B. Lavarias EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Warfare in the 21st century has matured to the point where military technology and force are no longer the keys to victory. Parties in conflict during the twentieth century had begun to realize that success in war meant winning the “hearts and minds” of the people and, to an extent,

Community Oriented Counterterrorism: Incorporating National Homeland Security Mandates into the Local Community Policing Philosophy

Kenith Roland Adcox EXECUTIVE SUMMARY For over three decades, community policing has proven itself to be an effective tool to address crime and disorder within local communities.[1] Since 9/11, however, many local police agencies have been chipping away at community policing programs in order to meet new homeland security responsibilities. The concern is that sidestepping

People First Homeland Security: Recalibrating for Community Collaboration & Engagement within a Homeland Security Ecosystem

Angela Yvonne English EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Since the creation of a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002, the practice of homeland security has been constructed around a top-down system, reactive in nature, based primarily on responding to terrorist acts and natural disasters. When security becomes a reactive enterprise, pursued only after threats become manifest, the

Silent Warning: Understanding the National Terrorism Advisory System

Roy B. Brush EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Terrorism warning systems provide warnings for internal (organizational or for official decision makers) and external (other partner organizations or the public) categories of constituents. They must support resolution of the decision maker’s dilemma and balance between the need to warn people in danger from terrorism with the need to maintain

TSA Behavior Detection: Changing with the Times

Brent A. Cotton EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Transportation Security Administration’s (TSA) Screening Passengers by Observation Techniques (SPOT) program is under intense scrutiny by Congress, and in danger of losing funding. Recent reports by the Government Accountability Office (GAO) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Inspector General (OIG) have identified several areas for operational

The Major Crimes Task Force-Afghanistan: A Case Study and Examination of Implications for Future FBI Capacity Building Programs

Stephen A. Cyrus EXECUTIVE SUMMARY THE CURRENT PROBLEM SPACE The threat to the United States (U.S.) homeland and U.S. interests abroad posed by international terrorism has changed dramatically since the United States started its global war on terror (GWOT) in response to the attacks of September 11, 2001. While U.S. and international efforts in support

Florida Law Enforcement’s Role in Agroterrorism

Benjamin E. Burns EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The food and agriculture sector is one of the United States’ most important critical infrastructures, with agriculture and agribusiness related industries employing over 16 million Americans and representing 4.8 percent of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product according to the United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service. Agriculture is a

Leading Preparedness for Local Fire Agencies

Steven R. Goble EXECUTIVE SUMMARY President Barack Obama directed the development of a national preparedness strategy that is set out in Presidential Policy Directive 8: National Preparedness (PPD-8). The applicability of PPD-8 and the implementing strategies for fire agencies is in question; and the relevance and benefits of the guidance are ambiguous. If the guidance

Barriers to Cyber Information Sharing

Deanne I. Harwood EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Society is increasingly dependent upon the Internet and the systems delivered through it. These systems help ensure that they deliver and maintain essential services in the face of attacks, failures, and accidents. Our critical infrastructure sector is reliant on networked environments for its daily operation. It is these systems that