Analysis of C3 Counterinsurgency Inspired Policing, and the Flip Side of the COIN

Bruce Hiorns EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction As a result of its drugs- and gang-related violence, in 2011, the city of Springfield, Massachusetts was ranked the twelfth most violent city in the United States, according to data gathered from the Uniform Crime Report of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). [1]  The rise in violence followed the

The National Network of Fusion Centers: Perception and Reality

Nicholas Klem EXECUTIVE SUMMARY State and major urban area fusion centers became one of the many organizational innovations to the United States’ national security arsenal after the attacks on 9/11. These entities were designed to aid the nation in combating terrorism through analysis, operations, and information sharing. Many of these fusion centers have evolved over

Prison Radicalization in County Jails: Disrupting Terrorist Acts Through Information Sharing

Douglas R. Lee EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Radicalization, the process by which Westerners embrace the teachings of the radical Islam, is of great concern to United States (U.S.) officials. The motivations for radicalization vary, but experts agree that prison environments are conducive for such a conversion of ideology. A number of former prisoners who radicalized while incarcerated

Using Automatic Identification System Technology to Improve Maritime Border Security

Tedric R. Lindstrom EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Our coastal waters are the United States’ most open and vulnerable borders. This vast maritime domain harbors critical threats from terrorism, criminal activities, and natural disasters. The maritime border security mission is complex and challenging; the maritime domain is an expansive pathway to the world without fences that connects to

Closing the Cyber Gap: Integrating cross-government cyber capabilities to support the DHS cyber security mission

Edward W. Lowery Executive Summary Since the initial development of the Internet as an information-sharing platform, the cyber world has grown exponentially and become intertwined with almost every facet of our daily activities, commerce, and governmental operations. But, increasingly, the opportunities offered by the cyber world have resulted in rapidly increasing threats to our citizens,

Risk, Politics, and Money: Need for A Value-Based Model for Financing Public Health Preparedness

William F. Pilkington EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This research pointed to significant problems in the public health preparedness system for which there are no easy solutions. Budgets are extremely tight and staffs are strained. Most of the public health preparedness funding comes from one federal grant (PHEP) that has been declining every year for the last seven

Groupthink: A Significant Threat to the Homeland Security of the United States

James E. Ricciuti EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The groupthink psychological phenomenon widespread throughout the homeland security enterprise is a significant threat to the national security of the United States (U.S.). Nevertheless, the existence of groupthink and its influence on homeland security has not been thoroughly studied or evaluated. To counter the ever-evolving threats to the nation, the

Developing a New Context for Leadership Development in the Los Angeles Fire Department

Trevor M. Richmond EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Leadership development in the Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD), the fire service, and the broader homeland security enterprise is in need of comprehensive analysis. Homeland security leaders, when discussing the usefulness of the homeland security enterprise, are pointing to leadership as the single biggest determinant of success over the next

Meta-Leadership in Mega Disasters – A Case Study of Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour during Hurricane Katrina

Lee Wallace Smithson EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In April 2005, I returned from a year in Baghdad and was appointed the Director of Military Support for the Mississippi National Guard. I was responsible for the planning, coordinating and deploying of National Guard troops in support of a gubernatorial call-out in Mississippi. These call-outs include terrorist events, natural