Notes from the Editor

The May 2022 Issue of Homeland Security Affairs contains a research article which provides a comparative analysis of the Countering Violent Extremism/Counterterrorism policies of five Western nations and a research article which provides a critical analysis of the way that discount rates are used in FEMA hazard mitigation projects. Read more.

Homeland Security Affairs

Homeland Security Affairs

Defected from ISIS or Simply Returned, and for How Long?– Challenges for the West in Dealing with Returning Foreign Fighters

Many of the 38,000 foreign fighters ISIS has managed to attract to Syria and Iraq will return home. As increasing numbers of ISIS cadres flee the battlefield, some as defectors and others as returnees still aligned with ISIS’ goals and ideology, the challenges for the West will be how to identify and sort out true defectors from returnees, and determine if they are at risk to support again or rejoin a terrorist group.

By Anne Speckhard, Ardian Shajkovci, and Ahmet S. Yayla

Book Review: Preventing and Countering Extremism and Terrorist Recruitment: A Best Practice Guide by Hanif Qadir

A parent logs into a child’s computer and a chat room window pops up on the screen. The parent starts scrolling through the chat history and realizes that the child was speaking to an ISIS recruiter. In this hypothetical situation, the child has not conducted any crime, yet the parent is worried. What should the parent do?

Reviewed by Caitlin Ambrozik

Note from the Editorial Committee

From the Editorial Committee: “Critical Infrastructure Protection: Can We Defend Against Terrorism”  has been removed from the site. It contained derivative sections inadequately credited to previously published work.

Cognitive Defense: Influencing the Target Choices of Less Sophisticated Threat Actors

With the emergence of non-state threats and new operating environments since the end of the Cold War, the relevance of deterrence as a security tool has repeatedly been called into doubt. Modern adversaries often lack territory, militaries, economies, or even identities to threaten and retaliate against.

By Jesse Wasson and Christopher Bluesteen

Coordination in Crises: Implementation of the National Incident Management System by Surface Transportation Agencies

For more than a decade, the National Incident Management System (NIMS) has served in the United States as the mandated framework for coordinated organization, operational command, and implementation of response to emergencies nationwide. This article examines whether surface transportation agencies are developing the capabilities necessary to fit effectively into NIMS.

By Nicholas B. Hambridge, Arnold M. Howitt, and David W. Giles

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