Application of Social Network Analysis Methods to Quantitatively Assess Exercise Coordination

Yee San Su ABSTRACT: Previous failures in effective, large-scale disaster response (e.g., Hurricane Katrina) are often traced to failures in effective coordination. As evidenced in after-action reports, however, assessments of coordination performance are still largely anecdotal in nature. Network analysis is a possible means to develop quantitative metrics for coordination assessment. In this paper, two

The Power of “the Few”: A Key Strategic Challenge for the Permanently Disrupted High-Tech Homeland Security Environment

Rodrigo Nieto-Gómez ABSTRACT: This article argues for a new organizational approach to homeland security, designed to confront the challenges of a highly disrupted environment in a more efficient way. Initially, it explains how the accelerating pace of innovation creates a set of homeland security challenges that empower small groups or individuals – “the few” –

Balancing the Risks, Benefits, and Costs of Homeland Security

John Mueller and Mark G. Stewart ABSTRACT: The cumulative increase in expenditures on U.S. domestic homeland security over the decade since 9/11 exceeds one trillion dollars. It is clearly time to examine these massive expenditures applying risk assessment and cost-benefit approaches that have been standard for decades. Thus far, officials do not seem to have

National Preparedness Requirements: Harnessing Management System Standards

Sharon Caudle ABSTRACT: This article argues for a fundamental change in national preparedness guidelines and their requirements from centralized to decentralized governance using management system standards. The federal government’s national preparedness requirements encompassed in the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) National Preparedness Guidelines should be replaced by the application of national or international preparedness management

Protecting Sensitive Information: The Virtue of Self-Restraint

Dallas Boyd ABSTRACT: An abundance of information that could be useful to terrorists is available in the open literature. This information, unclassified but nonetheless sensitive, includes risk assessments that identify infrastructure vulnerabilities, analyses that hypothesize creative attacks, and otherwise dangerous knowledge that is released under the rubric of scientific openness or the public’s “right to

Preparedness Exercises 2.0: Alternative Approaches to Exercise Design That Could Make Them More Useful for Evaluating — and Strengthening — Preparedness

Brian A. Jackson and Shawn McKay ABSTRACT: Preparedness exercises play central roles in both the building and assessment of organizational readiness for future incidents. Though processes for designing and evaluating exercises are well established, there are opportunities to improve the value of exercises for strengthening preparedness and as tools for gathering assessment data. This article

Americus, Georgia: The Case Study of Disasters Serving the Role of Facilitators and Expeditors of Progress and Betterment

Marc Hyden and Charley English ABSTRACT: It has long been debated whether a community is better off before or after being struck by a natural disaster. The aim of this study is to utilize the instance of Americus, Georgia, which was devastated by a tornado in 2007, as a case study to provide evidence for

Terrorist to Tyrant

Thomas Myers ABSTRACT: Successful terrorist groups can evolve to gain national power. This article consists of three case studies: the overthrow of the Russian Czar, the overthrow of the Shah of Iran and Hezbollah’s rise to power in Lebanon. The three are compared in order to identify common stages in terrorist evolution. These stages are

Baton Rouge Post-Katrina: The Role of Critical Infrastructure Modeling in Promoting Resilience

Laura Steinberg, Nicholas Santella, and Corrine Zoli ABSTRACT: The events of Hurricane Katrina have become a textbook example of system failures at multiple and intersecting levels. One unexplored dimension of this tragedy is the role of infrastructure performance data and modeling studies in aiding stakeholders in understanding this and future crises in order to promote