Volume XVII Notes from The Editor

December 2021 Issue The December 2021 Issue of Homeland Security Affairs features a research article analyzing the differences in how police video is used in Canadian and American cities, a research article assessing the deterrence capability of different scanning technologies at border checkpoints, and an essay exploring the applicability of classical deterrence theory to WMD

South of the Border: Legal and Privacy Underpinnings of Canadian and U.S. Approaches to Police Video Usage

By Shawna Coxon and Don Zoufal Abstract This article utilizes modern privacy theory to examine the differing approaches of Canadian and U.S. law enforcement to the use of camera technology and advancing video analytics. The article documents the deployment of camera technology in two comparably-sized urban centers in Canada and the U.S. The reception of

Validating Deterrence Models for Scanning Technologies

By George Thompson Abstract The use of scanning systems (e.g., radiation portal monitors and X-ray imagers) at border checkpoints is said to act as a deterrent to the smuggling of radiological/nuclear materials, drugs, and other illicit items. Can such deterrent effects be measured? The author examines “extended” screening models that incorporate the motivations, perceptions, and

Classical Deterrence Theory: Applicable to Maritime Counterproliferation Initiatives?

By Eric Taquechel Suggested Citation Taquechel, Eric. “Classical Deterrence theory: Applicable to Maritime Counterproliferation Initiatives? ” Homeland Security Affairs 17, Article 22 (Decemberl 2021) www.hsaj.org/articles17757. Abstract Deterrence theory evolved during the Cold War nuclear weapons arms race environment in a nation-state context. Modern counterproliferation efforts focus on different kinds of WMD and sub-national adversaries. This

Postcards From a Homeland Security Past: Chris Bellavita reflects on the impact of 18 years of CHDS theses on the homeland security field

By Chris Bellavita (Unless otherwise noted, all quoted material in this essay is taken from the thesis being discussed.) I used to think a master’s thesis was essentially about demonstrating an understanding of ideas. Doctoral dissertations were mainly about creating new knowledge. In the past 18 years at CHDS, I learned that a master’s thesis

Anders Strindberg reflects on the impact of Jonathan Gaddy’s CHDS thesis, “An Ontology of Power: Perception and Reality in Conflict.”

By Anders Strindberg Whatever else homeland security involves, at its core we find a multi-tiered, multi-disciplinary network of actors and interests (exemplified by the students and alumni of CHDS) that intersects with other, similarly complex networks of actors and interests. What does strategic planning and strategic action entail in this kind of environment? What does

Kathryn Aten reflects on the impact of Katie Witt’s CHDS thesis, “Why We Serve: Public Service Motivation and what the USCIS Mission Means to its Workforce”

By Kathryn Aten Katie Witt’s thesis informs Homeland Security by explaining how policy changes can influence employee public service motivation.1 Witt traces changes in the USCIS mission and alignment between the organization’s and employees’ public service values—beliefs about which behaviors are desirable and what it means to “do good” for society2—concluding that misalignment may generate

Florina Cristiana Matei and Nadav Morag reflect on the impact of Bruno Dias’ CHDS thesis, “Blip on the Radar: School Safety Synergy through Early Warning and Information Sharing.”

By Florina Cristiana Matei and Nadav Morag School violence—which includes, inter alia, bombing, mass shooting, and active shooting incidents—has become an increasingly frequent phenomenon since the beginning of the 21st century.1 The U.S. Department of Homeland Security categorizes school violence as a major threat to American citizens’ physical and emotional safety and security, and has

Carolyn Halladay reflects on the impact of Jaime Lier Chen’s CHDS thesis, “Muted Voices: Toward an Understanding of the U.S. Asylum Program at the Southwest Border.”

By Carolyn Halladay Jaime Lier Chen crafted her thesis amid a great deal of shouting. The 2020 presidential election campaign was at full volume. Stentorian outrage attended all sides of all issues at the U.S. southern border, the broad subject of Jaime’s work. Crowds of people raised their voices, whether in demonstrations in response to

Anke Richter reflects on the impact of public health research published in Homeland Security Affairs over the years.

By Anke Richter Until 2020, public health had an uneasy relationship with the majority of the homeland security establishment. Unlike first responders and the medical establishment (hospitals, doctors, nurses, and ambulances) which focus on securing and saving individuals, public health focuses on the population as a whole. This societal perspective is different, difficult, and requires