Lone Actor Terrorists: The Performance of Hegemonic Masculinity through Acts of Violence

Beth Windisch EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Pulse nightclub. Mandalay Bay. Fort Hood. Emmanuel AME Church. Each time a terrorist attack occurs, the media interview those who knew the attacker, trying to identify a red flag or a warning sign that could have prevented another tragedy. Understanding the motives of a lone actor terrorist, a perpetrator who is

Trolls or Threats? Challenges of Alt-Right Extremism to Local Law Enforcement

Jonathan Bobin EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The term alt-right signifies a myriad of ideas and actions, from baffling online discourse to white supremacist violence. The alt-right is unlike political movements of the past, as it lacks any identifiable formal structure, leadership, or goals.[1] Individuals who self-identify as alt-right—or who are linked through the movement based on public participation

Gods versus Titans: Ideological Indicators of Identitarian Violence

Christopher Adamczyk EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Identitarianism is a complex anti-liberal ideology based on the desire to preserve traditions, culture, and ethnicity against the perceived tide of ethnic replacement, globalism, and liberalism.[1] While certain identitarian leaders have moved away from violence, adherents like Dylann Roof and Patrick Crusius have committed atrocities in its name.[2] Law enforcement’s focus

Book Review: A Woman’s Place: U.S. Counterterrorism Since 9/11 by Joana Cook

Reviewed by Beth Windisch Suggested Citation Windisch, Beth. Review of A Woman’s Place: U.S. Counterterrorism Since 9/11, by Joana Cook. Homeland Security Affairs 16, Article 4. hsaj.org/articles16072 In her foundational work in feminist international relations theory, Cynthia Enloe asked “Where are the Women?” 1 Joana Cook answers with her new book, A Women’s Place: U.S.

Terrorism Prevention through Community Policing

Robert WyCKoff EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Mass casualty, pre-meditated, and targeted violence incidents connected with extremism and hate are on the rise in the United States. In 2019, there were 41 mass killings in the country, which is more than ever recorded in a single year.[1] 2018 was the fourth-deadliest year on record for domestic extremist-related murders

Political Demonstrations: A Terrorist’s Dream Opportunity

Patrick Mullane EXECUTIVE SUMMARY As the 2020 and 2024 U.S. presidential elections approach, an uptick in political protests is inevitable. Law enforcement agencies must fully prepare to police these political protests as well as secure them from any potential terrorist activity. Recent terrorist attacks, such as the vehicle ramming attacks in Charlottesville, Virginia, and on

Campus Police and Joint Terrorism Task Forces

Ronnell HiggIns EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Given the increasing complexity and diverse social fabric of colleges and universities, campus police leaders must understand and prepare for a wide range of threats in a post-9/11 and politically polarized era. Of the many complexities facing campus police leaders, determining how best to apply successful policing strategies in the campus

S.M.A.R.T: Strategic Mutual Aid Response to Terrorism

Jeremiah Hart EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Contemporary strategies for managing law enforcement resources during terrorist attacks rely on mutual aid and rapid deployment. While these two combined strategies are useful when responding to lone, active-shooter attacks, they have not been effective strategies for stopping paramilitary terrorist attacks (PTA). PTAs are by multiple terrorists who are trained and