The Oregon Trail: An Exploratory Case Study for Higher Education Emergency Management Programs

Kelly Dunn EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Institutions of higher education (IHEs) are key members of their communities and are considered partners in the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s “whole community” concept.[1] In times of disaster, IHEs often provide shelter, assistance, and resources to their communities. Because disasters begin and end locally, campuses must be prepared and resilient in

Personal Preparedness in America: The Needle is Broken

Nancy J. Dragani EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Definition of Insanity: Doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results. —Albert Einstein Every day, somewhere in the United States, someone is recovering from a disaster. While the number of declared disasters dropped in 2014 to 45 presidential declarations and six federal emergencies (Federal Emergency Management

Entropy and Self Organization: An Open System Approach to the Origins of Homeland Security Threats

Thomas Kirwan Dobson EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Homeland security is a relatively new concept.1 There is currently not a single definition of homeland security agreed upon by academics and practitioners at the federal, state, and local levels.2 However, homeland security is operationally defined by the practices of the Department of Homeland Security and state and local governments.3

People First Homeland Security: Recalibrating for Community Collaboration & Engagement within a Homeland Security Ecosystem

Angela Yvonne English EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Since the creation of a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002, the practice of homeland security has been constructed around a top-down system, reactive in nature, based primarily on responding to terrorist acts and natural disasters. When security becomes a reactive enterprise, pursued only after threats become manifest, the

Developing a New Context for Leadership Development in the Los Angeles Fire Department

Trevor M. Richmond EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Leadership development in the Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD), the fire service, and the broader homeland security enterprise is in need of comprehensive analysis. Homeland security leaders, when discussing the usefulness of the homeland security enterprise, are pointing to leadership as the single biggest determinant of success over the next