The Homeland Security Enterprise and Public Works: Improving the Relationship

Jason Lappin Executive Summary The homeland security enterprise (HSE) is a comparatively new term added to the government’s list of acronyms following the attacks on 9/11. In broad terms, the HSE is comprised of many institutions and agencies that attempt to support the United States through numerous national mission spaces. These mission spaces are found

A Case Study in the Identification of Critical Factors Leading to Successful Implementation of the Hospital Incident Command System

Lisa Schoenthal EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction The Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) is a system of incident management that applies the principles of the Incident Command System (ICS) to hospitals. ICS is an organizational and multi-organizational management system developed in the 1970s by California’s FIRESCOPE (Firefighting Resources of California Organized for Potential Emergencies), a working partnership

Personal Preparedness in America: The Needle is Broken

Nancy J. Dragani EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Definition of Insanity: Doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results. —Albert Einstein Every day, somewhere in the United States, someone is recovering from a disaster. While the number of declared disasters dropped in 2014 to 45 presidential declarations and six federal emergencies (Federal Emergency Management

Recommendation for a National Standard for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care and Israeli Hospital Trauma Protocols for the United States

Robert L. Kierstead EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Active shootings and terrorist attacks have increased at an alarming rate in recent years in the United States. According to research conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and Texas State University, between 2000 and 2013, 486 people were killed and another 557 were wounded in 160 separate active

To Save Lives and Property: High Threat Response

by Michael Marino, John Delaney, Paul Atwater, Reed Smith Abstract The emergency services community must recognize that the world is constantly changing and adjust accordingly. It will have to be more nimble and proactive with its capabilities if it wants to prepare effectively for future threats and respond to atypical emergencies. Over the past several

People First Homeland Security: Recalibrating for Community Collaboration & Engagement within a Homeland Security Ecosystem

Angela Yvonne English EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Since the creation of a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2002, the practice of homeland security has been constructed around a top-down system, reactive in nature, based primarily on responding to terrorist acts and natural disasters. When security becomes a reactive enterprise, pursued only after threats become manifest, the

Silent Warning: Understanding the National Terrorism Advisory System

Roy B. Brush EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Terrorism warning systems provide warnings for internal (organizational or for official decision makers) and external (other partner organizations or the public) categories of constituents. They must support resolution of the decision maker’s dilemma and balance between the need to warn people in danger from terrorism with the need to maintain

Leading Preparedness for Local Fire Agencies

Steven R. Goble EXECUTIVE SUMMARY President Barack Obama directed the development of a national preparedness strategy that is set out in Presidential Policy Directive 8: National Preparedness (PPD-8). The applicability of PPD-8 and the implementing strategies for fire agencies is in question; and the relevance and benefits of the guidance are ambiguous. If the guidance

Risk, Politics, and Money: Need for A Value-Based Model for Financing Public Health Preparedness

William F. Pilkington EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This research pointed to significant problems in the public health preparedness system for which there are no easy solutions. Budgets are extremely tight and staffs are strained. Most of the public health preparedness funding comes from one federal grant (PHEP) that has been declining every year for the last seven