Assessing The Cannibis Legalization Debate: Lessons Learned from The Colorado and Washington Experiment

Mike Neener EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   The cannabis legalization debate has long been a contentious issue in the United States (U.S.) and throughout the world. Since 1914, cannabis has been regarded as morally reprehensible and an overall detractor from society because of negative health effects, lack of medical acceptance, and high propensity for abuse. Cannabis is

Crowds As Complex Adaptive Systems: Strategic Implications for Law Enforcement

Robert Leverone EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The manner in which law enforcement responds to crowd control issues has changed over the years. From escalated force models to models emphasizing negotiations with crowds, the field of crowd control continues to evolve. Much of this evolution is due to increased public scrutiny of law enforcement tactics following widely publicized

Policy Options Analysis and the National Fire Operations Reporting System

Michael A. McAdams EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Results This thesis reviews the national fire service regulation, standards, and practices that define the fire data incident collection processes. Reviewing the documents grounds the criteria that define the availability of fire department resources that are ready and able to respond to a structure fire incident and the capability of

Recommendation for a National Standard for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care and Israeli Hospital Trauma Protocols for the United States

Robert L. Kierstead EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Active shootings and terrorist attacks have increased at an alarming rate in recent years in the United States. According to research conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and Texas State University, between 2000 and 2013, 486 people were killed and another 557 were wounded in 160 separate active

Preempting Mass Murder: Improving Law Enforcement Risk Assessments of Persons with Mental Illness

John D. Milby EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Law enforcement officers are regularly called upon to respond to assist mentally ill persons in crisis; some experts estimate that as many as 20 percent of all law enforcement calls for service involve persons with a mental illness.[1] In the majority of communities across the country, law enforcement is the

Airmanship on the Ground: How the Aviation Industry Can Fundamentally Change The Way First Responders Manage Complex Emergencies

  Ryan Fields-Spack EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Problem Statement/Topic In general, police and fire departments face three types of emergencies today. Two types encompass the normal “everyday” emergency. These are emergencies where either police are in charge or those where fire officers are in charge. However, there are emergencies that manifest themselves in a wholly different manner—the

To Save Lives and Property: High Threat Response

by Michael Marino, John Delaney, Paul Atwater, Reed Smith Abstract The emergency services community must recognize that the world is constantly changing and adjust accordingly. It will have to be more nimble and proactive with its capabilities if it wants to prepare effectively for future threats and respond to atypical emergencies. Over the past several

UAS on Main Street: Policy and Enforcement at the Local Level

by Alison Yakabe Disclaimer The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the San Mateo County Sheriff’s Office or the Northern California Regional Intelligence Center (NCRIC). Abstract Due to increasing system sophistication and affordability, unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) are becoming more

Analysis of C3 Counterinsurgency Inspired Policing, and the Flip Side of the COIN

Bruce Hiorns EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction As a result of its drugs- and gang-related violence, in 2011, the city of Springfield, Massachusetts was ranked the twelfth most violent city in the United States, according to data gathered from the Uniform Crime Report of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). [1]  The rise in violence followed the