Fully Autonomous Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device—Mitigating Strategies

Kevin Knopf EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Terrorists throughout the world use vehicle borne improvised explosive devices (VBIEDs) to attack targets. The availability of fully autonomous vehicles (FAVs) will change terrorism tactics by eliminating the need for martyrdom when delivering VBIEDs. As such, counter-terrorism forces must ask: What FAV technologies can be adapted to mitigate the threat of

Safe Seas: Protecting America’s Ferries against Criminal Mass-Casualty Incidents

Steven Blindbury EXECUTIVE SUMMARY America has entered the era of the active-shooter phenomenon, and empirical evidence supports a rising national trend that creates a risk for all mass-gathering public venues. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) defines an active shooter as “an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined

Soft Target Security: Environmental design and the deterrence of terrorist attacks on soft targets in aviation transportation

Linda JAshari EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Terrorist attacks on soft targets at airports have increased in the last decade. The events of September 11, 2001 exposed deep vulnerabilities in the security of the aviation sector. As a result, the U.S. government enacted concrete policies and procedures to prevent future airline hijackings and to deter prohibited items from

Stolen Vehicles for Export: A Major Concern for Domestic and International Security

Mark MAC Donell EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The protection of our homeland requires the United States to be vigilant on many fronts, and one area in need of immediate attention is the exporting of stolen motor vehicles. This thesis examines threats posed by the loopholes in the current motor vehicle export system, particularly stolen vehicles for export,

Mitigating Insider Threats in the Domestic Aviation System: Policy Options for TSA

Brian Bean EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) defines insider threat as “one or more individuals with access and/or insider knowledge that allows them to exploit the vulnerabilities of the nation’s transportation systems with the intent to cause harm.”[1] Well-placed insider threats are ideally positioned within the nation’s aviation system to further terrorist plots,

Unstoppable? The Gap Between Public Safety and Traffic Safety in the Age of the Driverless Car

Aristotle Wolfe EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Autonomous vehicles (AVs) are already driving on some of the nation’s streets and highways. This technology is advancing quickly and will likely diffuse rapidly throughout society. AVs are likely to reduce traffic collisions and prevent motorist deaths, but only if those motorists become passengers, not drivers, thus eliminating human error as

Increasing Efficiency and Effectiveness through Risk-based Deployments

Thomas Cotten EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Over the past several years, the U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has begun shifting away from a “one-size-fit-all” approach to security and towards risk-based security principles “based on the understanding that the vast majority of people traveling pose little to no threat to aviation.”[1] The TSA has the opportunity to continue this