Weapons of Mass Distraction: Strategies for Countering the Paper Terrorism of Sovereign Citizens

Terri March EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In “Guidelines for Implementing Best Practices in Court Building Security,” Fautsko et al. observe that courthouses may be seen “as an important symbolic target” for terrorists.[1] Not all assaults on courts and their personnel involve physical violence. “Paper terrorism,” a strategy employed by an anti-government group known as the sovereign citizens,

Obsessive Compulsive Homeland Security: Insights from the Neurobiological Security Motivation System

Marissa Madrigal EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Humans have evolved complex neurobiological threat management systems over time to aid in survival. One such system is called the security motivation system. This system is theorized to generate powerful emotions, trigger physiological changes, and drive compulsive pre-cautionary behavior. This thesis studies the role of security motivation in the context of

Early Warning: A Strategy to Prevent Injuries and Loss of Life during Active Shooter Attacks on K-12 Schools

Susan Graves EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Schools are susceptible to active shooter attacks. Studies show these attacks occur quickly, often within minutes of when an intruder enters a school.[1] Many strategies to prevent injuries and loss of life have emerged. One of these, lockdown, is a commonly accepted practice that shows some success at reducing injuries and

Stolen Vehicles for Export: A Major Concern for Domestic and International Security

Mark MAC Donell EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The protection of our homeland requires the United States to be vigilant on many fronts, and one area in need of immediate attention is the exporting of stolen motor vehicles. This thesis examines threats posed by the loopholes in the current motor vehicle export system, particularly stolen vehicles for export,

Using The Fire Service to Build Community Engagement

Melanie GArrels-Bates EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Even though FEMA uses the term “whole community” in most of its disaster preparedness materials, it has yet to convince current-day citizens to engage in disaster preparedness. For first responders to effectively perform their mission and mitigate disasters in their community, American citizens will have to be part of the solution.

Putting the Lid on the Devil’s Toy Box: How the Homeland Security Enterprise Can Decide Which Emerging Threats to Address

Andrew Fox EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The pace of technological development and change is accelerating. Current and near-term developments in nanotechnology, materials science, and machine learning and artificial intelligence promise to pave the way for exponential growth in humanity’s abilities to create—and destroy. Emerging Promethean technologies promise to deliver to average persons of average financial means and

Safeguarding Democracy: Increasing Election Integrity through Enhanced Voter Verification

Kellie Weir EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Americans have grown worried about systemic flaws in the U.S. election system.[1] These concerns stem primarily from numerous cyber-attacks against the 2016 elections. Department of Justice Special Counsel Robert Mueller asserts the attacks were perpetrated by bad actors to gain information and conspire to defraud, thwart, disrupt, meddle, sow doubt and

Remaining Relevant: Historical Contributions, Civil-Military Challenges, and Anti-Submarine Warfare Capabilities on Coast Guard Cutters

Brian Smicklas EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Since 1790, U.S. Coast Guard major cutters have contributed to the national and military objectives of the United States yet the service has struggled with enduring civil–military challenges. These challenges have compelled the Coast Guard to accumulate a multitude of missions while diluting the lethality of major cutters and their contribution

A Comparative Analysis of International Encryption Policies en Route to a Domestic Solution

James Donahue EXECUTIVE SUMMARY According to the Pew Research Center, more than 95% of adults in the United States have a cell phone.[1] Digital technology has permeated almost every facet of daily life, and electronic devices are driving this trend.[2] As biometric identification increases and payment systems like Apple Pay proliferate, it is reasonable to