Lawful Hacking: Toward a Middle Ground Solution to the Going Dark Problem

Hoaithi Nguyen EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Since the spring of 2013, when Edward Snowden leaked classified information regarding the National Security Agency’s (NSA) covert collection of telephony metadata from major communications providers, such Internet giants as Apple and Google have rolled out end-to-end encryption on their devices. End-to-end encryption means that “only the recipient of the message

Bridging the Gap: To What Extent Do Socioeconomic Barriers Impede Response to Emerging Public Health Threats?

Don Neuert EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The basis for this thesis and research topic stems from certain local and state Public Health Emergency Preparedness grant activities—managed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)—focused on jurisdictions’ ability to dispense life-saving medications and medical supplies to 100 percent of an impacted population within 48 hours of a

Homeland Security in Absentia: Policing Miami in the Era of the New U.S.-Cuba Relationship

Manuel Morales EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The United States and Cuba are separated by 90 miles across the Florida Straits, but are worlds apart in political ideology. In 2014, President Barack Obama announced his administration’s intention to renew diplomatic relations with this nation’s island neighbor.[1] The detente marked a stark departure from previous U.S. policy of isolation

Embracing the Devil: An Analysis of the Formal Adoption of Red Teaming in the Security Planning for Major Events

Thomas Landry EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) takes the lead or significant supporting security role in many of the nation’s largest and most celebrated events across the country. These political, sporting, and cultural events present the nation’s adversaries with inviting targets due to the size, scope, and historical significance of the occasions.

Adaptive Standard Operating Procedures for Complex Disasters

Shawn Harwood EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The nature of disasters has evolved, but emergency management has not kept pace with the change. Today’s crisis environment is subject to countless influences—a product of our globalized, complex society—which produce random and volatile events. Despite the unpredictability of modern disasters, the Homeland Security Enterprise still adheres to prediction-dependent standard operating

A Framework for Violence: Clarifying the Role of Motivation in Lone-Actor Terrorism

Jacob Hallgarth EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Preventing domestic terrorism continues to be a major goal for homeland security practitioners. Yet many of our traditional counterterrorism techniques have proven inadequate to prevent one particular manifestation of terrorism: the lone actor. No network exists to infiltrate the lone-actor threat—there are no communications to intercept, no information to task informants,

Next Generation 9-1-1: Policy Implications of Incident Related Imagery on the Public Safety Answering Point

Jeremy DeMar EXECUTIVE SUMMARY With NG911 systems, callers will be able to send text messages and transmit photos, videos, and other forms of data to 9-1-1 centers, and call takers will be able to better coordinate responses. For example, a caller could send streaming video from a crime scene, or personal medical data about a

Homeland Security: There’s An App for That.

Christopher DeMaise EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Mobile technology and software applications are assuming an increasing role in homeland security operations. First responders are using these technologies more frequently to collaborate with each other and alert the public during critical incidents.[1] Agencies that are able to procure proprietary mobile technologies have used these systems to improve operations, but

The Role of Schools and their Capabilities to Ensure Safe Sheltering During a Storm

Donalyn Dela Cruz EXECUTIVE SUMMARY During a major storm event that activates school shelters for citizens, three overarching areas require consideration: the practice of schools as shelters, the safety and security of a facility, and the role of government. This thesis brings attention to these areas, which are lacking in Hawaii, and examines cases in

A Race to Force the Issue: Use-of-Force Doctrine in Policing

Tracy Avelar EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The narrative of police brutality by racist cops and the immediate call for use-of-force reform began in 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri, and continued after a series of other high-profile fatal police shootings. Public and political sentiment ranged from frustration to hatred toward law enforcement. Constant media attention validated the public’s anger