From Golden Handcuffs to Pig Iron: Projecting Pension Reform’s Impact on the Homeland Security Enterprise

Jeffrey Waldman EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The public sector is in a financial bind. Aggregate pension liabilities exceed assets at all levels of government, and the magnitude of the disparity is staggering. Reforms from the early 1980s put the federal civil servant pension system on a path to financial sustainability, yet despite the early and proactive nature

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services’ Effort to Identify Terrorism Threats: Is Social Media Intelligence (SOCMINT) the Next Tool?

Erik Thompson EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Terrorists use the internet to disseminate propaganda, solicit new members, communicate, gather intelligence, seek money, and inspire and plan attacks. In 2015, the San Bernardino, California, terrorist attack brought the use of social media intelligence (SOCMINT) by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to

Lived and Remembered Experiences: Policing to Improve Relations with Communities of Color

Christine Elow EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This thesis critically analyzes the history of intense policing of Blacks in the United States and the lived experience of such policing. The aim of this analysis is to speak to police audiences and provide police with an additional tool in their toolbox to defuse tense and traumatic incidents. As a

Two Teams, One Mission: A Study Using EMS Units in Hospital Triage during Active-Shooter and Other Mass-Casualty Events

Thomas Simons EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Hospital planners generally assume that the majority of patients from a mass-casualty event will have received some sort of field triage, that transport from the scene to the hospital will have been coordinated through on-scene incident command, and that hospitals will have received some sort of notification of incoming patients. Recent

Plan Bee: Understanding Threats to the Honey Bee Population and Examining Strategies to Promote and Protect Pollinators

Mildred Pfrogner EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In the United States, bees and other insects make important contributions through their pollination of wild vegetation, local plant life, and commercial crops. Approximately one-third of food crops, to include apples, strawberries, tomatoes, and almonds, depend on pollination, as do alfalfa and clover, which provide feed for beef and dairy production.

21st Century and No Emancipation in Sight: Did the Blue Campaign Miss the Point?

Marie-Claire Brown EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Modern slavery, generically referred to as human trafficking, is one of the highest sources of transnational organized criminal revenue with profits exceeding $150 billion annually and affecting more than 45 million people globally. It includes both private economy slavery and state-imposed forced labor, with the bulk of known profits coming from

Training for Failure in the United States Fire Service

David O’Neal EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Each year in the United States, fire departments are faced with the challenge of preparing firefighters to respond safely and effectively while the fire service landscape continues to change. The addition of new responsibilities like emergency medical services and other all-hazards responses has deeply impacted the time available for training. Furthermore,

Reforming the Bank Secrecy Act to Address Emerging Technology and Prevent Illicit Financing.

Shawn Bradstreet EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Banks Secrecy Act (BSA) of 1970 was enacted by Congress to prevent criminals from hiding or laundering their illicit gains through the U.S. banking system. The statute’s objective forced financial institutions to maintain currency transactions reports, along with identifying individuals conducting suspicious transactions. Preserving these records allow law enforcement the

Biothreat Response: Local Emergency Response Efforts for Suspicious and Unknown Substances

Craig Dowdell EXECUTIVE SUMMARY “Beyond those day-to-day tasks of bridging the foreign-domestic divide and matching intelligence with plans … challenges include broader management issues pertaining to how the top leaders of government set priorities and allocate resources.” —The 9/11 Commission Report Although the United States, both in the public and private sectors, has strengthened its