Legal Weed: A Lifesaver?

Michael Schaub EXECUTIVE SUMMARY At the OxyContin launch party in the mid-1990s, Richard Sackler, a member of the family that owns Purdue Pharma, stepped up to the podium to address the audience. Sackler, then senior vice president for sales, proclaimed that the launch party would be “followed by a blizzard of prescriptions that will bury

You Can’t Always Get What You Want: Employee and Organizational Responses to Perceived Workplace Injustices and their Relationship to Insider Attacks

Tracey Reed EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Insider threats are a wicked problem because of the definition of an insider and the varied threats such insiders pose. Insiders are people with increased access, knowledge, and trust due to their relationship with an organization. They can be current or former employees, contractors, volunteers, or another affiliate of the organization.

Social Identity Theory and Intergroup Conflict in Israel/Palestine

Stephen Felty EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Intergroup dynamics have been a central vector in lasting identity conflicts around the globe. In Israel/Palestine, the conflict has not been reduced to the same level of sustained peace as it has in other countries. The conflicting groups often participate in increasingly destructive forms of reciprocating violence, which fuels narratives that

Parity Avoidance: A Proactive Analysis of the Obsolescence of the Third Offset Strategy

Aaron Wellman EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This thesis answers the question: How can the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) determine if the Third Offset Strategy is obsolete? Within the DoD, offset strategies are policies of competition that mandate efforts to maintain technological superiority to generate or sustain a strategic advantage over near-peer competitor adversaries of the state.

Crisis Communication for Law Enforcement: Crafting a Successful Strategy Using Social Media

Angela Coonce EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The police-involved shooting that occurred in Ferguson, Missouri in the summer of 2014 was a watershed moment that launched the national Black Lives Matter movement into the public spotlight around the world. The depth and breadth of the influence of social media platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube on the

21st Century Crime: How Malicious Artificial Intelligence Will Impact Homeland Security

Kevin Peters EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to dramatically transform how society interacts with information technology, particularly how personal information will interconnect with the hardware and software systems people use on a daily basis. The combination of developing AI systems and a digitally connected society could transform our culture in a manner

U.S. Security Clearances: Reducing the Security Clearance Backlog While Preserving Information Security

Benjamin Berger EXECUTIVE SUMMARY To protect sensitive information, certain positions in the federal government require candidates to obtain and maintain a security clearance. Security clearances help ensure that an individual is trustworthy and capable of handling sensitive information, which has the potential of harming the United States if divulged. From 2014 to 2018, the backlog

Smart Strategies for Effectively Managing Entertainment Districts

Charles Penn EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Entertainment districts are—and will continue to be—a significant homeland security concern due to the large numbers of people who gather at these locations. In the United States, people are fortunate to have the opportunity to attend a variety of activities ranging from sporting events to cultural events to parades, where they

Disruptive Emergent Systems in Disaster Response

Kristopher Thornburg EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The 2017 hurricanes in the southern United States provided an impetus for wider social technology use than during previous disaster responses. Hurricane survivors rapidly turned to social media for help while physically unaffected social media users crowdsourced crisis maps to generate complex and powerful emergent information systems. Volunteers unaffiliated with first

U.S. Counterterrorism Narrative: A Way Forward

Madeline Kristoff EXECUTIVE SUMMARY While it seems to be widely agreed upon that the U.S. counterterrorism narrative is failing, little empirical evidence is available describing the U.S. counter-narrative strategy since 9/11 or an analytical framework for measuring its success or failure. This research is designed to contribute toward filling that gap by investigating the effectiveness