A Rising Tide Floats All Boats, but Drowns Infrastructure: The Impact of Sea Level Rise on America’s Maritime Infrastructure

Michael Sullivan EXECUTIVE SUMMARY America’s maritime ports play a critical role in supporting domestic and international trade. They facilitate the movement of goods across all economic sectors and contribute trillions of dollars to the gross domestic product. In 2018, U.S. ports directly contributed 2.2 million jobs and $5.4 trillion in economic activity, representing approximately 26

Out, Out—The Role of Messaging in Countering Domestic Violent Extremism

KathRYn Roberts EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Countering the radical Islamist narrative remains a high priority of the United States in its ongoing efforts to counter domestic violent extremism. In 2014, the rapid emergence of the Islamic State (IS) brought the idea of narratives to the forefront of public discussion. As the first terrorist organization to leverage social

Reading From The Same Map: Towards A New Situational Awareness Model For Emergency Management

Erik Rau EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Situational awareness (SA) is a critical issue for public safety disciplines, including emergency management, law enforcement, and the fire service. These fields operate substantially differently from each other, but share a common model for SA, based on John Boyd’s OODA loop. Boyd’s model, though applied widely, is heavily shaped by artefacts

Political Demonstrations: A Terrorist’s Dream Opportunity

Patrick Mullane EXECUTIVE SUMMARY As the 2020 and 2024 U.S. presidential elections approach, an uptick in political protests is inevitable. Law enforcement agencies must fully prepare to police these political protests as well as secure them from any potential terrorist activity. Recent terrorist attacks, such as the vehicle ramming attacks in Charlottesville, Virginia, and on

Bridging the Gap: Providing Transportation Leaders with a Strategic and Risk-based Investment Methodology Through the Application of Network Theory.

Brittany Miller EXECUTIVE SUMMARY A nationally accepted and adopted methodology for state departments of transportation to assess the importance of roads, bridges, and other transportation assets doesn’t exist. Instead, transportation agencies must prioritize the projects to invest in, without having a complete picture of the makeup of their network and the risk posed from a

Law Enforcement’s Role in Preventing Epidemics: Enforcing Communicable Disease Quarantine Policies

Donald Lowenthal EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Philadelphia Police Department (PPD) currently has no policy providing guidance to its police officers on how to enact the quarantine enforcement component of the Isolation and Quarantine Plan (IQP) developed by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PDPH). Quarantine restricts the movement of healthy people who may have been exposed

Insult to Injury: Disaster Displacement, Migrant Threat Perception, and Conflict in Host Communities

Michael Locke EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Environmental disasters are a concern of homeland security largely in terms of the planning, mitigation, and resilience aspects for the communities directly hit. A more complex problem is the longer-term disruption to the lives of people who are unable to remain in their home communities and relocate elsewhere in the country,

American Wildland–Urban Interface Burning: A Modern Application of an Historic Success

Erik Litzenberg EXECUTIVE SUMMARY As America’s population and metropolitan areas grew in the 1970s, national statistics showed a rapid increase in “outdoor” or “wildland” fires and death or injury by fire. A 1973 report by the National Commission on Fire Prevention and Control, America Burning, formulated ideas for combating fire-related trends, primarily in the built

Campus Police and Joint Terrorism Task Forces

Ronnell HiggIns EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Given the increasing complexity and diverse social fabric of colleges and universities, campus police leaders must understand and prepare for a wide range of threats in a post-9/11 and politically polarized era. Of the many complexities facing campus police leaders, determining how best to apply successful policing strategies in the campus