Adaptive Standard Operating Procedures for Complex Disasters

Shawn Harwood EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The nature of disasters has evolved, but emergency management has not kept pace with the change. Today’s crisis environment is subject to countless influences—a product of our globalized, complex society—which produce random and volatile events. Despite the unpredictability of modern disasters, the Homeland Security Enterprise still adheres to prediction-dependent standard operating

A Framework for Violence: Clarifying the Role of Motivation in Lone-Actor Terrorism

Jacob Hallgarth EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Preventing domestic terrorism continues to be a major goal for homeland security practitioners. Yet many of our traditional counterterrorism techniques have proven inadequate to prevent one particular manifestation of terrorism: the lone actor. No network exists to infiltrate the lone-actor threat—there are no communications to intercept, no information to task informants,

Next Generation 9-1-1: Policy Implications of Incident Related Imagery on the Public Safety Answering Point

Jeremy DeMar EXECUTIVE SUMMARY With NG911 systems, callers will be able to send text messages and transmit photos, videos, and other forms of data to 9-1-1 centers, and call takers will be able to better coordinate responses. For example, a caller could send streaming video from a crime scene, or personal medical data about a

Homeland Security: There’s An App for That.

Christopher DeMaise EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Mobile technology and software applications are assuming an increasing role in homeland security operations. First responders are using these technologies more frequently to collaborate with each other and alert the public during critical incidents.[1] Agencies that are able to procure proprietary mobile technologies have used these systems to improve operations, but

The Role of Schools and their Capabilities to Ensure Safe Sheltering During a Storm

Donalyn Dela Cruz EXECUTIVE SUMMARY During a major storm event that activates school shelters for citizens, three overarching areas require consideration: the practice of schools as shelters, the safety and security of a facility, and the role of government. This thesis brings attention to these areas, which are lacking in Hawaii, and examines cases in

A Race to Force the Issue: Use-of-Force Doctrine in Policing

Tracy Avelar EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The narrative of police brutality by racist cops and the immediate call for use-of-force reform began in 2014 in Ferguson, Missouri, and continued after a series of other high-profile fatal police shootings. Public and political sentiment ranged from frustration to hatred toward law enforcement. Constant media attention validated the public’s anger

Unstoppable? The Gap Between Public Safety and Traffic Safety in the Age of the Driverless Car

Aristotle Wolfe EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Autonomous vehicles (AVs) are already driving on some of the nation’s streets and highways. This technology is advancing quickly and will likely diffuse rapidly throughout society. AVs are likely to reduce traffic collisions and prevent motorist deaths, but only if those motorists become passengers, not drivers, thus eliminating human error as

Domestic Embedded Reporter Program: Saving Lives and Security Tactical Operations

Michelle Trost EXECUTIVE SUMMARY With regard to publicity, the first essential in military operations is that no information of value shall be given to the enemy. The first essential in newspaper work and broadcasting is wide-open publicity. It is your job and mine to try to reconcile these sometimes diverse considerations. General Dwight D. Eisenhower[1]

Notes from the Editor (Volume XII)

Download the full issue December 2016 The December 2016 issue contains an essay calling for the creation of an Emergency Management historical archive at FEMA, an essay examining the homeland security threats posed by the advent of 3-D printing technology, and a research article which makes the case for the tiered response pyramid approach to