Community Resilience for Emerging Threats

by Mary Tyszkiewicz Abstract Community resilience can be created via small group practices to respond to emerging threats, like accidents, disasters and terrorist emergencies. My case study research shows that that innovation happens when people care and connect in small groups of 16 or fewer in life-threatening situations. This natural process I found is described

Evaluating Federal Grant Programming to Support State and Local Critical Infrastructure Protection: Results and Perspectives of Qualitative-Empirical End-User Survey Research in the EU

by Andrea Jerković This paper presents the approach and main results of a series of surveys and foresight activities at Member State and EU levels to contribute to program evaluation and evolution by identifying end-user and practitioner technology and knowledge needs for improved critical infrastructure protection at state and local levels. The approach was first

The Light Under the Bushel — Redefining US National Security by Leveraging Principles of Human Security to Address Underlying Causes of Asymmetric Insurgencies

by Dr. Elisabeth Hope Murray, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University & Dr. Jim Ramsay, University of New Hampshire UAPI and Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security 10th Anniversary Summit, George Mason Arlington Campus, 2017 The primary purposes of the American institutions of governance are to secure and protect the citizens of the state; the

Improving Citizen Threat Preparedness & Recovery

by Robert Mandel Within the homeland security context, this paper examines obstacles to effective mass participation, ways to enhance citizen accountability and vigilance in the face of threat, and value controversies embedded in this thrust.  The goal is to expand and refine existing techniques so as to improve citizen preparation and recovery regarding ominous human

Apples-to-Apples: LIRA vs. RAMCAP

by Randy George, Rick White, C. Edward Chow, and Terrance Boult In October 2014, the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate (DHS S&T) contracted the University of Colorado, Colorado Springs (UCCS) to evaluate RAMCAP, the Risk Analysis and Management for Critical Asset Protection. RAMCAP was developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Online Human Behaviors on Social Media During Disaster Responses

by Jooho Kim and Makarand Hastak Executive summary Social media plays a critical role in natural disasters as an information propagator that can be leveraged for disaster responses. This study analyzed the online user engagement on social media during the 2016 Louisiana Flood through the lens of Social Network Analysis (SNA). Our findings revealed temporal and

Defensibility and Risk Management

Vicki Bier, Alexander Gutfraind, and Ziyang Lu A common problem in risk management is to characterize the overall security of a system of valuable assets (e.g., government buildings or communication hubs), and to suggest measures to mitigate any security threats. Currently, analysts rely on a combination of security indices, such as resilience (the ability of

Volume XIII Notes from the Editor

The June 2017 Issue contains an essay which analyzes and critiques current critical infrastructure protection policy as it relates to the threat from terrorist attacks, and a research article which explores the impact of ‘smart device’ technology and social media on crisis management efforts. In “The Cold War on Terrorism: Reevaluating Critical Infrastructure Facilities as Targets for

Unpacking and Exploring the Relationship between Crisis Management and Social Media in the Era of ‘Smart Devices’

by Eric K. Stern Abstract The rise of social media and the broad diffusion of ‘smart devices’ in contemporary society have profound implications for crisis management. The emergence of social media and smart devices pose both major challenges and major opportunities to crisis managers (c.f. Palen, 2008; Veil et 2011). These social practices and technologies

The Cold War on Terrorism: Reevaluating Critical Infrastructure Facilities as Targets for Terrorist Attacks

by David Riedman Portions of this article are excerpted from the author’s Center for Homeland Defense and Security master’s degree thesis “How Critical is Critical Infrastructure?” The full document is available in the Homeland Security Digital Library.1 Countries are inverted pyramids that rest precariously on their strategic innards–their leadership, communications, key production, infrastructure, and population.