Parity Avoidance: A Proactive Analysis of the Obsolescence of the Third Offset Strategy

Aaron Wellman EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This thesis answers the question: How can the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) determine if the Third Offset Strategy is obsolete? Within the DoD, offset strategies are policies of competition that mandate efforts to maintain technological superiority to generate or sustain a strategic advantage over near-peer competitor adversaries of the state.

Crisis Communication for Law Enforcement: Crafting a Successful Strategy Using Social Media

Angela Coonce EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The police-involved shooting that occurred in Ferguson, Missouri in the summer of 2014 was a watershed moment that launched the national Black Lives Matter movement into the public spotlight around the world. The depth and breadth of the influence of social media platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube on the

21st Century Crime: How Malicious Artificial Intelligence Will Impact Homeland Security

Kevin Peters EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to dramatically transform how society interacts with information technology, particularly how personal information will interconnect with the hardware and software systems people use on a daily basis. The combination of developing AI systems and a digitally connected society could transform our culture in a manner

U.S. Security Clearances: Reducing the Security Clearance Backlog While Preserving Information Security

Benjamin Berger EXECUTIVE SUMMARY To protect sensitive information, certain positions in the federal government require candidates to obtain and maintain a security clearance. Security clearances help ensure that an individual is trustworthy and capable of handling sensitive information, which has the potential of harming the United States if divulged. From 2014 to 2018, the backlog

Smart Strategies for Effectively Managing Entertainment Districts

Charles Penn EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Entertainment districts are—and will continue to be—a significant homeland security concern due to the large numbers of people who gather at these locations. In the United States, people are fortunate to have the opportunity to attend a variety of activities ranging from sporting events to cultural events to parades, where they

U.S. Counterterrorism Narrative: A Way Forward

Madeline Kristoff EXECUTIVE SUMMARY While it seems to be widely agreed upon that the U.S. counterterrorism narrative is failing, little empirical evidence is available describing the U.S. counter-narrative strategy since 9/11 or an analytical framework for measuring its success or failure. This research is designed to contribute toward filling that gap by investigating the effectiveness

Social Media Screening of Homeland Security Job Applicants and the Implications on Free Speech Rights

Denis Sweeney EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Homeland security employers (e.g., police departments, fire departments, and federal agencies) that engage in social media screening (SMS) of their job applicants should be aware of the risk of infringing on the applicants’ free-speech rights and take steps to mitigate that risk. The law on free-speech protections for homeland security job

Puerto Rico’s Homeland Security Readiness: Redesigning the Island’s Power Grid to Improve Its Resiliency

Juan Alicia EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Resiliency is the ability to bounce back from adversity and return to the previous norm. This term not only describes a quality in people but also the ability of objects or places to recover to their original shape or function. In the case of the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA),

Notes from the Editor Volume XIV

The December 2018 Issue of Homeland Security Affairs features a research article proposing a system for detecting terrorist-deployed nuclear weapons in American cities, an essay reviewing the literature on the causes of suicide terrorism, and an essay exploring the creation of performance metrics for deterring threats to critical infrastructure. In “Defending Cities against Nuclear Terrorism: Analysis