Protecting the Right to Be an American: How Pennsylvanians Perceive Homeland Security

by Alexander Siedschlag Introduction  Homeland Security is strategically defined as an enterprise based on a concerted national effort: a nation-wide comprehensive activity, including all of government across federal, state, local, territorial and tribal tiers; the public and the private sector; and the whole community of first responders and vigilant citizens. While Homeland Security in addition

Mass Migration and the Media: Convergence and Divergence of Global Media Narratives Towards a Working Model

by Emily Damm, Amy Jones, Skye Cooley, and Elizabeth Roshelli The size and scope of the Syrian refugee crisis has made it a salient humanitarian crisis for the international community that has given rise to fears among European and U.S. populations and leaders, altered the demographic landscape of the Middle East and Europe, and exposed

The State of Science Regarding Membership in Terrorist Organizations  and Perpetration of Terrorist Attacks

by Sarah L. Desmarais, Joseph Simons-Rudolph, Christine Shahan Brugh, Eileen Schilling, & Chad Hoggan North Carolina State University Background One strategy in the fight against terrorism involves identifying individuals who are at heightened risk of joining terrorist organizations or perpetrating terrorist attacks. Success of this counterterrorism strategy will depend upon knowledge of the factors that increase

Preparing for the Next Mass Migration: Lessons from the Past and Recommendations for the Future

by Dr. R. B. Watts In 1995 over 60,000 migrants from both Haiti and Cuba attempted to reach the United States through maritime means, primarily vastly overcrowded sailboats and rafts. While it is unclear how many died in the attempt to reach the United States, the vast number were rescued via a huge inter-agency effort

Community Resilience for Emerging Threats

by Mary Tyszkiewicz Abstract Community resilience can be created via small group practices to respond to emerging threats, like accidents, disasters and terrorist emergencies. My case study research shows that that innovation happens when people care and connect in small groups of 16 or fewer in life-threatening situations. This natural process I found is described

Evaluating Federal Grant Programming to Support State and Local Critical Infrastructure Protection: Results and Perspectives of Qualitative-Empirical End-User Survey Research in the EU

by Andrea Jerković This paper presents the approach and main results of a series of surveys and foresight activities at Member State and EU levels to contribute to program evaluation and evolution by identifying end-user and practitioner technology and knowledge needs for improved critical infrastructure protection at state and local levels. The approach was first

The Light Under the Bushel — Redefining US National Security by Leveraging Principles of Human Security to Address Underlying Causes of Asymmetric Insurgencies

by Dr. Elisabeth Hope Murray, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University & Dr. Jim Ramsay, University of New Hampshire UAPI and Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security 10th Anniversary Summit, George Mason Arlington Campus, 2017 The primary purposes of the American institutions of governance are to secure and protect the citizens of the state; the

Improving Citizen Threat Preparedness & Recovery

by Robert Mandel Within the homeland security context, this paper examines obstacles to effective mass participation, ways to enhance citizen accountability and vigilance in the face of threat, and value controversies embedded in this thrust.  The goal is to expand and refine existing techniques so as to improve citizen preparation and recovery regarding ominous human

Apples-to-Apples: LIRA vs. RAMCAP

by Randy George, Rick White, C. Edward Chow, and Terrance Boult In October 2014, the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate (DHS S&T) contracted the University of Colorado, Colorado Springs (UCCS) to evaluate RAMCAP, the Risk Analysis and Management for Critical Asset Protection. RAMCAP was developed by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Online Human Behaviors on Social Media During Disaster Responses

by Jooho Kim and Makarand Hastak Executive summary Social media plays a critical role in natural disasters as an information propagator that can be leveraged for disaster responses. This study analyzed the online user engagement on social media during the 2016 Louisiana Flood through the lens of Social Network Analysis (SNA). Our findings revealed temporal and