Out through the Out Door: Policy Options in the Fight against Visa Overstays

Michael Spina EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Every year, tens of millions of non-immigrants visit the United States for business, pleasure, school, or work. The expenditures of these foreign travelers provide revenue to U.S. businesses and create jobs across the country. While the vast majority of nonimmigrant visitors lawfully depart the United States each year, not every visitor

Tailoring Violent Extremism Prevention: A Targeted Intervention Method

Mourad Mourad EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Terrorist recruitment and radicalization is a hazard facing our nation, regardless of whether the threat is from a domestic or foreign terrorist organization.[1] There are many ways an individual can radicalize, and the path to radicalization is not linear.[2] In order to implement a sustainable program that disengages violent extremists and makes communities

The God Protocol: In Search of a Common Ethical Approach to Disaster Response

Eric Soucie Executive Summary   Domestic disaster relief in the United States has undergone various changes in terms of public expectations, legal authorities, and operational approaches over the last several decades. Some have argued that this trend has gone too far while others argue it has not gone far enough in placing a particular burden,

Privacy in Plain Sight: Fourth Amendment Considerations for the Collection, Retention, and Use of Data by Law Enforcement in Public Places

Kristen ZimAn EXECUTIVE SUMMARY As cities have become more wirelessly connected, issues have intensified around data collection and the ways in which a person’s privacy and civil liberties are affected when opting in for an interactive experience in a public place. In choosing connectivity to enrich an experience, a citizen might not be aware of

Responding to High-Rise Active Shooters

James Seebock EXECUTIVE SUMMARY On October 1, 2017, a mass shooting took place at an outdoor concert in Las Vegas that killed fifty-eight people. Unlike active shooters who are on the same plane as the victim, the Las Vegas shooter perched himself vertically above his victims in a high-rise building. In doing so, he created

When the House Is Full, But the Guests Keep Coming: Determining the Impact of Daily Hospital Overcrowding on Disaster Response

Charity MenEfee EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Generally, healthcare emergency preparedness strategies have revolved around major medical disasters or catastrophic-event surge planning. Leaders throughout the emergency preparedness and management continuum―including the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Hospital Preparedness Program (HPP),

Climate Security Threat – America’s Achilles’ Heel?

Patricia Schaffer Executive Summary   The United States of America has a real problem with climate change. While the concept of climate change may be straightforward, the problems associated with its causes and effects, remedies, and necessary adaptations are incredibly complex. Today, climate change has become a deeply controversial topic despite scientific consensus on its

The Challenges Associated with Providing Efficient and Effective Fire Service to Large Arab-American Populations and the Resources Required to Meet Them

Joseph Murray EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This study examined the perceptions of firefighters employed by the City of Dearborn Fire Department regarding the challenges associated with providing service to a large Arab-American population. As a predominantly White, male, Euro-ethnic, and Christian fire department, it was expected that challenges existed in part due to the differences in culture

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Learning From H.I.M. (Harvey, Irma, Maria): Preliminary Impressions for Supply Chain Resilience

By Phillip J. Palin [The observations and analysis offered reflect the author’s best judgment as of late 2017. The essay is intended to encourage more detailed research and deeper consideration.] Abstract The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season challenged critical infrastructure and key resources across a wide area. Harvey, Irma, and Maria each exposed different aspects of