Social Media Screening of Homeland Security Job Applicants and the Implications on Free Speech Rights

Denis Sweeney EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Homeland security employers (e.g., police departments, fire departments, and federal agencies) that engage in social media screening (SMS) of their job applicants should be aware of the risk of infringing on the applicants’ free-speech rights and take steps to mitigate that risk. The law on free-speech protections for homeland security job

Puerto Rico’s Homeland Security Readiness: Redesigning the Island’s Power Grid to Improve Its Resiliency

Juan Alicia EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Resiliency is the ability to bounce back from adversity and return to the previous norm. This term not only describes a quality in people but also the ability of objects or places to recover to their original shape or function. In the case of the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA),

Notes from the Editor Volume XIV

The December 2018 Issue of Homeland Security Affairs features a research article proposing a system for detecting terrorist-deployed nuclear weapons in American cities, an essay reviewing the literature on the causes of suicide terrorism, and an essay exploring the creation of performance metrics for deterring threats to critical infrastructure. In “Defending Cities against Nuclear Terrorism: Analysis

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Defending Cities Against Nuclear Terrorism: Analysis of A Radiation Detector Network for Ground Based Traffic

By Edward Cazalas Abstract This article describes a specific, promising concept for a traffic-based radiation detector network concept deployed on roads/highways/stoplights/etc. The detector network concept is intended to help defend urban areas against nuclear attack by adversaries. The network has two potential functions: to detect and localize the covert transport of nuclear materials or weapons

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Causes & Explanations of Suicide Terrorism: A Systematic Review

By Vanessa Harmon, Edin Mujkic, Catherine Kaukinen, & Henriikka Weir Abstract The frequency of suicide terrorist attacks has increased dramatically since the year 2000, creating a renewed interest in this area of study, as well as an increase in the importance of understanding individual and organizational motivations behind engagement in suicide terrorism. The following is

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Risk-Based Performance Metrics for Critical Infrastructure Protection? A Framework for Research and Analysis

By Eric F. Taquechel & Marina Saitgalina   Abstract Measuring things that do not occur, such as “deterred” or “prevented” terrorist attacks, can be difficult. Efforts to establish meaningful risk-based performance metrics and performance evaluation frameworks based on such metrics, for government agencies with counterterrorism missions, are arguably in a nascent state. However, by studying

Everyone is Doing It: The Effectiveness of Body-worn Cameras Beyond Randomized Controlled Trials

Robert Lawler EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Over the last decade, police departments across the United States have come under escalating pressure from the public, the media, civil rights organizations, and politicians to increase the accountability of their officers and departmental transparency, particularly regarding the use of force. In response to this pressure, many of the nation’s law

Overstays: The Lesser-Known Illegal Immigration Issue

Brian Heslin EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The goal of this thesis is to bring light to the lesser-reported type of “illegal immigrant” in the United States—individuals who overstay their visas’ allowed length of admission—and develop a policy to appropriately deal with this issue. By definition, illegal immigrant is applied to an individual who violates a countries laws.[1]