Unified Command and the State-Federal Response to Hurricane Katrina in Mississippi

William Carwile ABSTRACT: Unified Command, as a part of the National Incident Management System (NIMS), was successfully used in the state-federal response to the catastrophic disaster caused by Hurricane Katrina in Mississippi in 2005. Four elements to determine the members of a Unified Command include: authority, co-location, parity and common understanding. Modifications made to ICS

Changing Homeland Security: An Opportunity for Competence

Christopher Bellavita ABSTRACT: Hurricane Katrina shattered belief that the nation’s homeland security system was ready for a major terrorist attack. Public administrators staff that system. Katrina provides an opportunity to review the central normative premise of public administration: competence. This article briefly reviews the changing competence frameworks that have guided public administration since the 1880s.

Using Organizations: The Case of FEMA

Charles Perrow ABSTRACT: FEMA was used once before, under President Reagan, for counter-terrorism and as a result, natural disaster response and mitigation suffered. It was repaired under President Clinton, but again, counter-terrorism has eaten up FEMA’s natural disaster budget and skills. SUGGESTED CITATION: Perrow, Charles. “Using Organizations: The Case of FEMA.” Homeland Security Affairs 1,

Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection: Multi-Agency Command and Control in an Asymmetric Environment

Robert Watts ABSTRACT: As a maritime nation, the United States is economically and strategically reliant on its ports, a fact well known to our potential enemies in the Global War on Terror. A successful attack against maritime critical infrastructure in our ports has the potential to cause major economic disruption and create mass casualties and

Homeland Security Capabilities-Based Planning: Lessons from the Defense Community

Sharon Caudle ABSTRACT: Beginning in 2004, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) began to define and implement a national domestic all-hazards preparedness goal, intended to improve the nation’s preparedness for national catastrophes, including terrorist attacks. DHS’s approach was capabilities-based planning (CBP), adopted from the Department of Defense (DoD). This article illustrates several components important for

Notes from the Editor (Vol. I, Iss. 1)

Download the full issue. We are pleased to present the inaugural issue of Homeland Security Affairs. The primary goal of the journal is to be the academic publication that furthers the discussion and debate of important elements that comprise the nation’s homeland security system. Homeland Security Affairs is meant to encourage relevant research and commentary

Measuring Prevention

Glen Woodbury ABSTRACT: How do we know if prevention is working? Not only is the measurement of prevention activities possible, the methodologies of “how” to measure already exist in numerous processes. Additionally, the definitions of “what” to measure have been both experienced and discussed. This article argues that measuring prevention can be accomplished by examining

American Naval Power and the Prevention of Terror

David Longshore ABSTRACT: Under the new “Joint Force” concept of operations model, the U.S. Navy has taken on added prevention responsibilities that include strategic and operational responses to asymmetric warfare. It is becoming evident that this Joint Force concept does not require an unduly large number of operational units in order to effectively support the

Building a Contingency Menu: Using Capabilities-Based Planning for Homeland Defense and Homeland Security

Thomas Goss ABSTRACT: Terrorist threat actors are both cunning and adaptive, relying on surprise to overcome security measures. For this reason, military and security planners must embrace a more flexible, comprehensive, and comprehensible approach to contingency planning – a method based on neither threats nor scenarios exclusively, but rather on integrating these two approaches into